About Periodontal Disease

Stemming from a buildup of oral bacteria, gum disease can cause a whole host of symptoms, ranging from moderate inflammation to widespread tooth loss. In addition, this condition, also known as periodontal disease, can have negative effects on your overall physical health. At Value Dental Centers in Goodyear, AZ, we offer effective treatment for all stages of gum disease. Scaling and root planing is the most common procedure. However, we will thoroughly evaluate your dental health to determine the most appropriate option for you. We can also help you improve your oral hygiene to prevent future flare-ups of the disease.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

There are two stages of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Both develop when bacteria remain in your mouth, multiplying and moving to your gums. If you have gingivitis, the bacteria will remain along your gum line. Periodontitis will develop when bacteria multiply and move deeper into your gums. There, they will form pockets in the soft tissues, and eventually your gums will pull away from your dental roots.

Insufficient oral care is the top cause of periodontal disease. If you do not brush, floss, and visit the dentist regularly, bacteria will easily gather and multiply. At the same time, there are several other factors that can contribute to the development of gum disease. These risk factors include:

  • Advanced age
  • Smoking
  • Genetics
  • A diet high in sugar or starches
  • A poor immune system
  • Diabetes
  • Medications
  • Hormonal changes
  • A loose, improperly fitted denture

What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?

If you are suffering from gingivitis, symptoms will be mild. They typically include minor gum inflammation and redness. In some cases, you could experience slight bleeding, especially when brushing or flossing your teeth.

Once periodontitis develops, symptoms will be much more pronounced. They can include:

  • Significant bleeding
  • Sore gums
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Chronic bad breath
  • Visible gum recession
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth loss
  • Jawbone recession

How Do We Treat Periodontal Disease?

There are several ways to treat gum disease, and the right option for you will depend on the severity of your condition. If you have gingivitis, we will typically perform a routine cleaning. This process will be enough to eliminate bacteria from your gum line and reduce tissue inflammation.

If you have periodontitis, we will often recommend scaling and root planing. After numbing your gums, your dentist or hygienist will remove the pockets of bacteria from the area. Then he or she will plane, or smooth, your tooth roots. A rough surface area will easily trap bacteria. Therefore, this process will prevent microbes from coming back. In cases of more aggressive gum disease, we may suggest an advanced treatment, such as a gum graft. Bone grafting may also be appropriate if you have suffered jawbone erosion.

How Can You Maintain Your Periodontal Health?

Once we have treated your gum disease, it is vital that you continue taking good care of your oral health. Periodontitis is a chronic condition. Nevertheless, although there is no cure, proper maintenance can prevent flare-ups, discomfort, and tooth loss. One of the best ways to maintain your gums is to practice regular dental hygiene at home. Be sure to brush, floss, and use mouthwash every day. In addition, you should be vigilant about scheduling your regular dental cleanings and exams. With these appointments, we can eliminate bacteria to stop flare-ups. We can also provide appropriate treatment at the first sign of inflammation.

Why Is It Important to Treat Gum Disease?

It is important to seek gum disease treatment as soon as possible. First, timely care can prevent tooth loss and other serious dental damage. In addition, periodontal treatment can have vital benefits for your overall oral health. Scientists have linked gum disease to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, heart attack, and stroke. Therefore, appropriate oral care could even extend your life.

Contact Value Dental Centers Goodyear for More Information

To schedule a routine dental exam or to receive treatment for existing gum disease, contact Value Dental Centers Goodyear today.